Types Of VA Disability Claims and When To File

For veterans living with service-related disabilities, VA disability benefits provide essential financial and health coverage. Successfully applying for VA disability compensation involves navigating a complex process with various types of claims available. Understanding which one to use and when can be confusing. This guide breaks down the claim types step-by-step so you can access the benefits you deserve. Whether it’s a claim for a new condition, an increase in disability rating, or reopening a previously denied claim, each type has its own set of requirements and procedures. By the end of this guide, you’ll have a clearer understanding of how to file your VA disability claim effectively.

1.Get to Know the Claim Types

Getting to know the various VA disability claim types is the first key step before filing. Claims generally fall into two buckets – initial claims for new conditions and supplemental claims for already service-related disabilities. Within these groups, there are several specific claim types, such as original claims for new disabilities, secondary claims for conditions caused by existing disabilities, increased claims for worsened conditions, and special claims for modifications, equipment, etc. Understanding which claim type fits your situation ensures proper, efficient filing and accurate rating decisions. As you navigate the claims process, take advantage of free assistance through veterans’ services officers or VA-accredited lawyers. Resources like www.mesotheliomahope.com also provide information and assistance to help veterans through the claims process to get the benefits they deserve.

2.File Initial Claims Quickly – Don’t Delay

Submitting an original claim should be your first step when seeking VA disability benefits for a new condition. An original claim establishes your initial eligibility for compensation. “Original” simply means it’s your first-time claim, which you can file within 180 days before military separation or any time after discharge. An original claim opens the door to benefits for any disabilities that onset during service or manifest within a year after. It is wise to file promptly once identifying a disability, as your claim’s effective date of benefits depends on when you apply. Waiting too long just extends the time until you receive your deserved benefits. Don’t delay – submit an original claim as soon as possible to get your VA disability compensation started without obstacles down the road.

3.Secondary Claim

Like original claims, secondary claims also establish initial benefits eligibility – but for new disabilities directly resulting from an already service-related condition. For example, if your service-related knee injury leads to arthritis in the same joint, the arthritis could warrant a secondary claim. Secondary claims should be filed as soon as the new disability manifests, just like original claims. It allows benefits to begin flowing quickly. Having an service-related condition already makes approval very likely if you adequately demonstrate the connection between the two disabilities. Don’t wait to file secondary claims and leave lost income and medical coverage on the table. Submit secondary claims promptly so you can focus on your health rather than navigating VA red tape.

4.File Supplemental Claims to Request Increases

If you already receive VA disability benefits, you may need to file a supplemental claim later. Supplemental claims build upon your existing compensation package. Specifically, file supplemental claims to request increased disability ratings if your service-related conditions worsen over time. For example, if your PTSD becomes more severe, an increased rating claim would seek a higher percentage of benefits. Supplemental claims can also expand your benefits coverage by applying for additional needed services related to current disabilities, like requesting hearing aids for significant hearing loss. The key is providing new, relevant evidence like recent medical exams and treatment records showing increased disability severity. Don’t repeat old evidence already submitted. Carefully prepare supplemental claims to avoid delays in getting the increased support you need.

5.Other Claim Considerations

Beyond original, secondary, increased, and new claims, also consider filing special claims as needs related to your disability arise. Special claims do not involve requesting benefits for additional disabilities. Rather, they seek benefits for specific circumstances related to existing service-related conditions. For example, you could file a special claim for grants to fund home or vehicle modifications if your disability limits accessibility and mobility. Other common special claims include requesting specialty medical equipment like wheelchairs or hospital beds and seeking stipends for caregivers if your disability requires in-home assistance. Overall, don’t delay filing special claims when impediments emerge so you can secure resources to manage disabilities and remain independent. Utilizing benefits sooner improves health and quality of life.

6.Understanding VA Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC) Claims

Another crucial type of VA disability claim is Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC). DIC is designed to provide financial support to the surviving spouses and dependents of veterans who have passed away due to service-related conditions or disabilities. It’s essential to be aware of when to file a DIC claim. Typically, you should initiate the process as soon as possible after the veteran’s death, as there are time limitations. DIC claims require specific documentation, including the veteran’s cause of death, marriage certificates, and dependency records. Filing promptly ensures that eligible survivors receive the financial assistance they deserve without unnecessary delays. Understanding the nuances of DIC claims is vital to providing much-needed support to the families of veterans who made significant sacrifices for our nation.


As a veteran impaired through military service, you deserve access to support programs. But navigating the various VA disability claim types often bewilders even the savviest veterans. Hopefully, clarifying the different claims and proper filing procedures demystifies this complicated process somewhat. When preparing to file your claim, seek guidance from an expert like an accredited attorney to avoid critical errors. With the right assistance guiding your claim, you can focus fully on your health rather than getting lost in red tape. Learning your claim options puts you one step closer to the benefits so vital for your well-being after serving our country. While complex, the path to disability compensation becomes clearer when you take it one informed, strategic step at a time.